Carbon Solution with Bamboo
The Bello Bamboo company is excited about the prospects of ‘waste’ bamboo left over from building and craft. Instead of burning it or discarding it we can help the carbon footprint be reduced AND purify water!
Recent problems in water treatment originate primarily from the increasing pollution of water sources by organic compounds, most of which are difficult to decompose biologically (1) (2). These substances resist the self-purification capabilities of rivers as well as degradation in conventional wastewater treatment plant.
To prevent the occurrence of scarcity of potable water, there is a need to improve the techniques behind water purification. Such could be by adopting the use of local agricultural products that will purify the water available to set standards. One of such agricultural products is Bamboo a non- timber forest product. Bamboo is renewable and grows abundantly in the tropics and temperate regions within latitude of 400 s and 400N, from jungle to high mountainsides (3) (4) (5)
Activated charcoal, also called activated carbon or activated coal, is a form of carbon that has been processed to make it extremely porous and thus have a very large surface area available for adsorption or chemical reaction (6).
Bamboo charcoal is made from bamboo plants with five years or more maturity period by means of pyrolysis (7). 1g of bamboo charcoal has approximately 400m2 surface area thus indicating a high absorptive capacity.(8)
Extra-ordinary microstructure of the bamboo helps to purify water (9). Similarly drinking water sterilized with chlorine can be treated with bamboo charcoal to adsorb residual chlorine and chlorides. Bamboo culms and waste material from bamboo processed on construction site can be utilized as bamboo activated charcoal. This will not only provide a new way of utilizing bamboo but also reduce constructional waste as well as protecting the environment from being polluted.
Check out EcoPlanets lab photo’s with biomass-biochar experiments in the slider photo section above and read more by viewing the website below. A summary is:
EcoPlanet Biomass Labs offers Research and Development services in relation to all aspects of the development of the biomass industry. Although we specialize in bamboo biomass, we carry out R&D into a range of biomass feedstocks and products. R&D can help biomass producers increase the quality of their product, such as pellets, charcoal or activated carbon. Such R&D focused outputs include:
Improvement of moisture content methods
Improvement of ash mineral contents methods
Improvement in Hydrogen storage techniques
Longer term research projects into suitable biomass feedstocks, comparison of feedstocks and suitability for pellets or other products are also carried out.
1. Olafedehan and Aribike, (2000),
2. Ademiluyi et al, (2009),
3. Ralambondrainy, (1983),
4. Liese, (2004)
5. Ogedengbe, (2010)
6. Caron, (2008)
7. Minigjie, (2004)
8. Fu et al, (2010)
9. Mingjie, (2004)
and Ecoplanet bamboo lab: http://www.ecoplanetbiomasslabs.com/